University of Exeter, Alzheimer’s Society & Innovations in Dementia | September 2021 | My life, my goals
Dementia researchers from the University of Exeter as part of a project on cognitive rehabilitation identified that not all people with dementia were able to access a therapist to receive cognitive rehabilitation therapy. From their research they also found that some people who were recently diagnosed with dementia were able to identify their own goals and strategies, but might benefit from support to do this. This practical guide has been developed by people with dementia to help others in the early stages of dementia set goals.
The Alzheimer’s Society want this guide to give you hope: • Hope that there are ways of managing any difficulties • Hope that there are solutions to problems • Hope that you can live a good life with dementia
Image shows the front cover of the self-help guide, an illustration of four people and a cat
Evidently Cochrane | September 2021 | Tube feeding for people with severe dementia: making decisions
In this Cochrane blog, Charlotte Squires, a trainee doctor in older adult care, reflects on issues with eating for people with severe dementia and options for supporting them, including new evidence on tube feeding. Sarah Chapman and friend Sue share their experience from supporting their mums with dementia.
Health Education England, Carers UK & Agylia Care | e– learning for Healthcare | nd | Supporting unpaid carers
e- learning for Healthcare have produced this free online resource to support the vital care that unpaid carers provide. We hope the e-learning will help you take care of yourself and carry out your day to day caring role. The resource is for anyone who provides care and support to a family member or friend due to their disability, health condition, frailty, mental health problem or other health and care needs
Health Education England want user feedback from this resource, they have launched a survey to ask for feedback on the Supporting Unpaid Carers Resource. If you would like to share your thoughts please visit the HEE survey
World Health Organization | September 2021 | Global status report on the public health response to dementia
Global status report on the public health response to dementia– a report from the World Health Organization (WHO) takes stock of actions driven by Member States, WHO and civil society since the adoption of the global action plan, identifies barriers to its implementation especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, and highlights areas where urgent, accelerated action is required.
The report includes updated estimates on dementia burden and costs globally based on WHO’s Global Health Estimates 2019 and the Global Burden of Disease study 2019. It also uses data submitted by 62 of WHO Member States to the Global Dementia Observatory.
The report shows that while some progress is being made, urgent increased efforts are needed globally to reach the dementia targets by 2025.
Join Dementia Research | 1 September 2021 | #PassItOn
To mark World Alzheimer’s Month, Join Dementia Research have released the following the campaign, #PassItOn to raise awareness of dementia research. Every three minutes someone in the UK develops dementia. Research is the only way we can make a difference, watch our video to find out more and see how you can help thisWorld Alzheimer’s Month.
So this World Alzheimer’s Month, Join Dementia Research are asking everyone to tell people who you think would benefit from knowing about Join Dementia Research.
It might be someone living with dementia and their carer. It might be a healthcare professional, a researcher, or just a family member or friend who’s keen to help others and make a difference.
Share your message on social media using the #PassItOn and #WorldAlzMonth hashtags. On Twitter, please include our Twitterhandle @beatdementia in your post and in Facebook, tag @joindementiaresearch (Source: Join Dementia Research).
Hoffmann, C. M., Petrov, M. E. & Lee, R. E. | 2021| Aerobic physical activity to improve memory and executive function in sedentary adults without cognitive impairment: A systematic review and meta-analysis | Preventive Medicine Reports | https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101496
The reviewers of this systematic review and meta-analysis set out to examine whether aerobic physical activity improves cognitive function, specifically memory and executive function, in sedentary adults (aged 50 years and over) without cognitive impairment. Overall they report that their hypothesis was supported and they observe a a significant improvement in at least one measure of cognitive function (either memory, executive function, or both) in adults aged 50 and up who engaged with physical activity interventions.
The worldwide population of adults ages 50 and older continues to increase and is projected to reach over 2.3 billion by 2030. Aging is the biggest risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia. Aerobic physical activity may improve cognitive functioning, thus delaying aging-related cognitive decline. The purpose of this review was to examine the effect of aerobic physical activity on memory and executive function in sedentary adults with no known cognitive impairment. PubMed, CINAHL, Psycinfo, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles up to July 2019. Randomized controlled trials of sedentary adults, aged 50 and older, that compared an aerobic physical activity intervention to either no treatment or alternative active comparator and reported outcome measures of memory and/or executive function were included. A random effects meta-analysis was performed to examine the separate effect sizes for memory and executive function. Nine studies met inclusion criteria and contributed either memory and/or executive function effect sizes (n equal to 547). Results from the random effects meta-analysis suggested, by post-intervention, a large effect size for the aerobic physical activity interventions on memory (g equal to 0.80, 95 per cent CI: 0.14–1.47; n equal to 7; p equal to 0.02) and a small effect on executive function (g equal to 0.37, 95 per cent CI: 0.04–0.69; n equal to 6; p equal to 0.03). Aerobic physical activity may improve memory and executive function in sedentary adults without cognitive impairment. Policymakers and providers should promote aerobic physical activity in this population, and further research should investigate the most effective ways to promote aerobic physical activity in mid-life to older adults.
Alzheimer’s Disease International | September 2021 | World Alzheimer Report 2021
This year’s World Alzheimer’s Day 21 September 2021 will see the launch of this year’s World Alzheimer Report 2021. The report will focus on the crucial and timely subject of diagnosis. Diagnosis is still a major challenge globally, with estimates that 90 per cent of cases still go undiagnosed and with long wait times. Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) argue that we are at a pivotal moment with an evolution in diagnostics and potential treatment breakthroughs; meaning this is the perfect time to shine a light on the ‘Journey through the diagnosis of dementia’.
The report includes over 50 essays from leading experts around the world and is supported by findings from 3 key global surveys, including: 1 111 clinicians, 2 325 people with dementia and carers, and over 100 national Alzheimer and dementia associations.
The launch webinar for the report will feature a global panel of experts to discuss the key findings and recommendations, as well as a Q & A session.
The session will cover the changing face of diagnosis; the perspective of people living with dementia and carers; developments in cognitive assessment; the role of scanners, CSF and bio-markers, shining a light on confirmatory diagnosis in light of potential treatments; best practice and challenges in low- and middle- income countries; disclosure and the ongoing clinician role, and a look to the future (Source: ADI).
NIHR | August 2021 | Dementia funding call: research for social care
The NIHR Research for Social Care (RfSC) has set out a dementia funding call and is inviting proposals for studies to address important social care questions relating to dementia.
The RfSC’s call, is inviting proposals from eligible research teams to improve the evidence base around social care and dementia.
This RfSC call is an important part of the Department of Health and Social Care and NIHR’s ongoing interest in strengthening dementia research in less well-supported areas, better understanding the needs of underserved populations and social care needs, as well as identifying best practice in relation to critical points, including diagnosis, hospitalisation, residential care and end-of-life care (Source: NIHR)
KivimÃ¤ki, M. et al. |2021| Cognitive stimulation in the workplace, plasma proteins, and risk of dementia: three analyses of population cohort studies| BMJ | 374| n1804 | doi:10.1136/bmj.n1804
A collaboration of researchers involved in the the IPD-Work consortium– a research project of 13 European cohort studies, which aims to estimate associations between work related factors and chronic diseases, disability, and mortality- set out to examine the association between cognitively stimulating work and subsequent risk of dementia and to identify protein pathways for this association. This multicohort study of more than 100 000 participants used data from participants in the UK, Europe and the United States of America. The experts report that the risk of dementia in old age was found to be lower in individuals with cognitively stimulating jobs than in those with non-stimulating jobs. This finding was robust to adjustments for education, established dementia risk factors in adulthood, and the competing risk of death.