This report was undertaken to summarise the existing research evidence about the burden, determinants, prevention, and treatment of multimorbidity | The Academy of Medical Sciences
The term multimorbidity refers to the existence of multiple medical conditions in a single individual. For many regions of the world, there is evidence that a substantial, and likely growing, proportion of the adult population is affected by more than one chronic condition.
Health conditions that frequently group together include heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, depression, anxiety, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic kidney disease. Why this happens is poorly understood, making it difficult to predict which patients may be most in need of preventive or increased care.
The report also highlights how physical conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, can affect mental health, and vice versa. But the division between health services treating mental and physical health often means that patients with physical and mental conditions are at particular risk of poor care.
Full report: Multimorbidity: a priority for global health research | The Academy of Medical Sciences.