Mami Yasuda & Hisataka Sakakibara Care staff training based on person-centered care and dementia care mapping, and its effects on the quality of life of nursing home residents with dementia Aging & Mental Health Published online: 01 Jun 2016
Objectives: To assess the effects of care staff training based on person-centered care (PCC) and dementia care mapping (DCM) on the quality of life (QOL) of residents with dementia in a nursing home.
Methods: An intervention of staff training based on PCC and DCM was conducted with 40 care staff members at a geriatric nursing home. The effects of the staff training on the QOL of residents with dementia were evaluated by the DCM measurements of 40 residents with dementia three times at about one-month intervals (first, baseline; second, pre-intervention; third, post-intervention).
Results: The well-being and ill-being values (WIB values) of the residents with dementia measured by DCM were not different between the first and second rounds before the staff training (p = 0.211). Meanwhile, the WIB values increased from the first and second rounds to the third post-intervention round (p = 0.035 and p < 0.001, respectively); over 50% of the residents had better WIB values. The behavior category ‘interactions with others’ in DCM also demonstrated a significant increase in the third round compared to the first round (p = 0.041).
Conclusion: Staff training based on PCC and DCM could effectively improve the QOL of residents with dementia.